Following German reunification in 1990, both Germany and its role in Europe have undergone substantial changes in the past 30 years. The course will bring together political, economic and social history in a transnational perspective and thus place the neoliberal and human rights agendas of the first decade of the post-cold-war era within a common interpretative framework. On the one hand, the transformation of East Germany must be viewed against the backdrop of the parallel transformation processes in Eastern and Western Europe. On the other hand, it is also a question of the extent to which German reunification also changed West Germany in the context of a retroactive “co-transformation” (Philip Ther).Combining the often separately discussed issues of societal changes and transitional justice following the collapseof communism can provide a better understanding of both internal developments in Germany and its changing role in Europe. For that purpose, the course will focus on the following questions: How did political, economic and social transformation develop in Germany since 1990 and how were these processes interrelated? And how did these developments shape the perception of Germany in Europeand other parts of the world.